The Influence of Internship Site Supervisors on Counseling Interns’ Levels of Social-Cognitive Development and Occupational Stress
Supervision has been described as a vehicle for promoting supervisees’ social-cognitive development; however, little is known about how site supervisors’ characteristics may influence their supervisees. This study examined the ego development and occupational stress of counseling interns (N = 96) and the ego development and engagement in post-degree clinical supervision activity of their site supervisors (N = 54). School counseling interns experienced higher levels of occupational role stress and lower levels of personal resources than interns in the other tracks, and interns’ ego development levels were associated with their occupational stress levels. Implications for counselor educators and supervisors are discussed.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).