The Language of Time: Exploring Stress, Hope, and Well-Being Outcomes
The current study sought to explore how language use pertaining to time and well-being practices could be an indicator of perceptions of stress, hope, and well-being outcomes. Using social media as a sampling platform, this mixed-method study involved 323 participants in the general population answering a time-orientation prompt concerning wellness and well-being practices. Participants were categorized into Finders, Makers, and Takers based on self-selected language use, and a qualitative content analysis of findings was conducted. Quantitatively, Finders reported higher perceptions of stress, lower levels of hope (pathway thinking), and all groups scored similarly on well-being outcomes. Results support that self-selected language use for time conveys different outcomes for participants, including perception of stress and hope levels. Implications involve exploration of language use for well-being outcomes in both clinical and general populations.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).